Only one international airport in Mongolia is in Ulaanbaatar. Also famous Trans-Siberian railroad goes across through there. Most tours to the countryside stars from the city. Connected by highways to all major towns. Modern comfortable hotels, high class restaurants serves with european, asian typical mongolian cuisine modern shopping centers sell real Mongolian brand cashmere, camel and yak wool garments and other items can supply what service people want in the city. Except those attractions inside and outside Ulaanbaatar are; Natural History Museum displays flora, fauna, minerals and wide range of dinosaur fossils considered rare in the world. National History Museum you can get information ranging from 700 thousand years ago ancient human remains to present day history, nomad’s everyday life items, clothes and their distinctive custom and tradition. Choijin Lama Temple Museum amazed by its temples built by Mongolian architectural interlock method without using single nail and sculptures of buddhas, monks…. Zanabazar fine art museum named after mongolian famous painter, sculpture of 17th century, First Bogd
Gegeen displays his and mongolian famous painters art work. Bogd Khaan Palace Musuem consists of two story european style building and 7 summer temple museums was settled by Mongolian last king Bogd Gegeen (…..) and his queen Dondogdulam as winter palace now serves as museum displaying items used by king and queen and 17th to 20th century’s artistic creation of artists. Also there are hunter’s, intellectual, mongol clothes, army … etc … museums. Zaisan hill in south of Ulaanbaatar has monument dedicated to Russian-Mongolian soldier on it offers panoramic view of Ulaanbaatar from there. Strangers who visited Mongolia did not watch and listen to famous mongolian throat singing, drawling song, contortion, traditional dance will lose whose opportunity to spend time enjoyable and glorious without know.
National parks located close to Ulaanbaatar such as Terelj, Gun Galuut, Hustai, Bogd Khaan containing numerous historical heritage boasting its natural beauty except giving opportunity see and practice nomads daily life both tourists visit Mongolia in short and long term.
Capital city of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar in central Mongolia located on the Tuul River shore, one of the big rivers, on the foothill of Bogd Khaan Mountain strictly protected area 2268 m in the south and surrounded by other three sacred mountains, 1380 m above sea level. Administratively, divided into 9 districts 122 subdistricts. As of December, 2007 Ulaanbaatar’s population of 1025174. 494611 of which men and 530563 are women. 67% of total population under age of 35, 30% of which are children. Receive 242 mm precipitation a year. Humidity 69%. Avarage temperature in January -26, in July +28. Coldest city in the world reached -45. Center of asian high atmospheric pressure ; 1037 Enjoys 250 sunny days.
Big Mongolian ger built on the shore of Shiree Tsagaan Lake in Burd soum, Uvurkhangai province in 1639 for Zanabazar who was first Bogd (first living Buddha), famous painter, sculptor, head of Mongolian Buddhism and state was base of modern capital city Ulaanbaatar. This city moved 28 times and changed its name 5 times in its history. First, the city was named Hutugtiin Urguu (big ger of famous monk) from 1639-1719, then named Ikure Kh huree from 1719-1778 named Urguu was center of Mongolian yellow sect Buddhism, political center of central Mongolia and important junction of foreign and domestic trade. From 1778-1910 named Ikh Huree was not only center of Buddhism also was political, administrative and cultural center, big junction of trade and played in important role of real city. Population of Ikh Khuree estimated 15-20 thousand. 1911-1924 named Hiislel Khuree. 1922-1924 was important years Mongolians gained independence. Since 1924 until now namedd Ulaanbaatar. Ulaanbaatar is political, cultural, industrial, transportation center of the country has its own emblem and flag.