The Northern part of Mongolia is mountainous. The mountains are covered with the forest on the north side and bared in the southern side with broad valleys dotted with nomads’ white gers and their countless animals. There are many scenic places, cultural and historical remains. Mongolian second biggest, the deepest and the earth's freshest water Lake Khuvsgul located in the northern Mongolia. Also, northern Mongolia is southern edge of the Siberian Taiga. The reindeer people or Dukha Tribe inhabit in the depths of the Taiga and are about 400 people of 80 families. They live in tepee covered with canvas or animal skins. Their extensive knowledge of nature allows them to live in harmony with nature and use herbs and plants for food and medicinal purposes. They are even more dependent on nature than the Nomads elsewhere in Mongolia. The most famous shamans are among them. There is a documentary about an American family with an ill boy. They heard about the magic and healing powers of the Shamans and traveled to Mongolia to meet them. After the boy met with the shaman and shaman's practices, his parents felt the boy's condition had improved much. Since the production of the movie, many Americans have been inspired to travel to Mongolia to meet with Shamans.
And if you’re interested in visiting the reindeer people, please check our Horse Riding in the Wild North Tour
Below, you will find some information about the most attractive places of northern Mongolia.
Khorgo is the last volcano to become extinct in Mongolia. It became extinct 6000-8000 years ago. Khorgo is surrounded by an eight-kilometer stretch of basalt landscape, littered with caves, ravines, and canyons from which the area got its name. Khorgo means “shelter.” Khorgo is not only the extinct volcano; there are over 10 of them. Even though, Khorgo is the biggest and the most accessible one. Khorgo volcano has an average height of 2210m, is 200m in width and 70-80m in depth. The Northern part of the cradle is covered with coniferous trees. The lava torrent from the volcanoes blocked the North and South Terkh Rivers, leading to the formation of Terhiin Tsagaan Lake. Freshwater Terhiin Tsagaan Lake lies at 2060m altitude. The lake is a magnet for water birds. Over ten rivers feed into the lake and only a rapid current river Suman drains out from the lake flowing between deep lava canyons. The 50 km2 area of Khorgo Terhiin Tsagaan is protected to safeguard its endangered flora, fauna and spectacular mountain scenery. Furthermore, the area is rich in precious and half-precious stones. This area lends itself to bird watching, enjoy nature, fishing, boating, horse riding, visiting nomad families, hiking, mountain climbing, swimming and yak cart tour.
Lake Khuvsgul is located in the northernmost Khuvsgul province, from which it takes its name. Khubsgul sticks out into Siberia and away from the central plains of central Mongolia. In 1992, a vast area of around 70,000 km2 was designated a National Park by the Mongolian Ministry of Nature and the Environment. At its heart, is Lake Khuvsgul. The habitats surrounding the lake are varied and home to an array of wildlife: for instance, the wet meadows and lagoons are important for water birds. KMongolian the second largest and deepest lake contains 1% of the world’s fresh water, laying at an altitude of 1654m surrounded by taiga forest and crags, created by volcanic activity. The reindeer people live in in the depths of the taiga forest on the west and northwest sides of the lake and visiting the reindeer people takes 7-9 days travel driving overland and on horseback.