Vast open grassy steppes dominate in the eastern part of Mongolia. Even you drive there from early morning until late evening you will only have sights of wide grassy steppes edge with the horizon. The eastern steppes are the last untouched grassland on the earth and home to gazelles. The gazelles are the most numerous mammals in Mongolia and there are about 1 million of them. The remote eastern steppes border with the Khentii Mountain Range where the Genghis Khaan was born and grown. Many important historical events related to Genghis Khaan took place in Khentii. Khentii Mountains are one of the most beautiful areas with its crystal clear rivers, streams, small and big lakes, forested mountains and lush green flower-carpeted valleys. The mountains have been keeping many historical remnants and ancients monasteries. The southeastern part of Mongolia is called Dariganga, a country of 222 extinct volcanoes.
Central Mongolia is beautiful, pristine and rich in wild species and has been keeping many important historical and cultural remains of different historical periods. In central Mongolia, you can discover breathtaking natural beauties, nomadic life, interesting cultural and historical items. Central Mongolia varies in landscapes as the Gobi desert representative area, rolling hills, grasslands and lush green valleys of forested and bare mountains. The general picture of central Mongolia is sights of nomads’ white gers and their numerous animals grazing fenceless and continuously changing landscapes while driving from the attraction to attraction, from a scenic place to another scenic place. An example of this is: When you travel Mongolia you won’t see big fences to keep animals inside of it. Maybe some small fences close to some gers to protect their herd to be lost in the stormy days and protect their animals from wolves at night in some places.
The Northern part of Mongolia is mountainous. The mountains are covered with the forest on the north side and bared in the southern side with broad valleys dotted with nomads’ white gers and their countless animals. There are many scenic places, cultural and historical remains. Mongolian second biggest, the deepest and the earth's freshest water Lake Khuvsgul located in the northern Mongolia. Also, northern Mongolia is southern edge of the Siberian Taiga. The reindeer people or Dukha Tribe inhabit in the depths of the Taiga and are about 400 people of 80 families. They live in tepee covered with canvas or animal skins. Their extensive knowledge of nature allows them to live in harmony with nature and use herbs and plants for food and medicinal purposes. They are even more dependent on nature than the Nomads elsewhere in Mongolia. The most famous shamans are among them. There is a documentary about an American family with an ill boy.
When people imagine of Mongolian Gobi, they imagine vast-open unfertile land or endless massive sand dunes. When you travel the Mongolian Gobi, your imagination will be broken completely. The Mongolian Gobi is a combination randomly seen huge sand dunes, vast open sandy and vegetated steppes, marvelous rugged mountains rich in flora and fauna, oasis, rivers and streams, Gobi tree groves, high cliffs appear surprisingly. Dinosaur excavations were held successfully at the majority of the cliffs. Also, there is some evidence of earliest man found such as the Stone Age tools, hole residence of people, rock drawings, etc. The Mongolian Gobi is the least inhabited area of 0.3 people per square km. Even though there are more uninhabited and remote areas have even no nomads, but habitats of some wild animals and some of them endemic (wild ass, saiga antelope, wild camel and the Gobi bear).
Western Mongolia is a country of majestic snow-capped mountains and different ethnic groups. Among the ethnic groups, Kazakhs are the national minority and the only Muslim people in Mongolia. Mongolian Kazakhs have been preserving their custom and tradition in its origin compared with Kazaks of different countries. They hunt with trained eagles and most of the families have traditional musical instrument dombra. They play, dance and sing with the instrument wearing traditional embroidered clothes and live in colorful, decorated with embroidery, slightly bigger gers than gers of other parts of Mongolia. They celebrate Eagle Hunting Festival each autumn and traditional New Year on 22 March annually. Also, the famous throat singing was originated from western Mongolia. Mongolia is considered the cradle of the first man.