National Museum of Mongolia established in 1924. Mongolia is extremely rich in historical heritage. It starts 700,000 years ago Paleolithic and including all next historical periods such as Mesolithic and Neolithic, The Bronze Age, ancient Mongol States, Great Mongol Empire up to now. 46000 items related to Mongolian history, ethnicity, their clothes and everyday life ornaments are on displayed.
There are two dinosaur museums in Ulaanbaatar. The Central Museum of Mongolian Dinosaurs is located in the downtown while the other museum is located on the way to the airport in Hunnu Mall. Both museums are quite impressive as all the fossils showcased are originals and complete skeletons of all shapes, sizes and appetites. Some of the fossils were found only in Mongolia. The species found nowhere in the world. Both museums are small and not much time is needed.
Choijin Lama (a monastic title) Temple Museum is an architectural masterpiece of the 19th and 20th century. It was erected by Mongolian architects between 1904-1908 in honor of an influential monk who was a younger brother of Mongolian last king VIII Bogd Gegeen. It is the temple of Red sect of Buddhism. The temple was active until 1936 and closed in 1938 by the communists. Since 1942, it is serving as a temple museum; it consists of six temples containing more than 8600 items of cultural heritage, including the work of master painters, cast carvings, Mongolian silk appliqué, embroidery, Tsam dancing mask and sculptures.
There were eight people named Bogd Khaan (living Buddha) between 1639 and 1924. The Bogd Khaan Palace was built for 8th Bogd Jabuzandamba who was Mongolian last religious king and leader of the state. The Palace was built between 1893 and 1906. It consists of a two story European style building and ten temples. The king lived there more than 20 years with his queen Dondog-Dulam. Since 1926, the palace has been serving as a museum. The two-story wooden house displays items used by the queen and king while the temples show impressive religious masterpieces and artefacts from the 17th to 20th century.
The Zanabazar Fine Art Museum named after Zanabazar who was a pre-eminent religious leader and artist of the 17th century. The museum has nine halls: antique hall, hall of Zanabazar's creation, hall displaying paintings drawn with natural colors or tanka, appliqué hall, hall of tsam religious dance, fine arts hall and hall of Maider Buddha. Over 200 artistic creations are registered in Treasure's Fond of Mongolia as the creations considered rare and unrepeatable. 50 of them are displayed in the museum.
First private museum in Mongolia established in 1990 displays 11000 intellectual creations of over 130 countries. The museum intends to show creations made using methods of all scientific sectors. You can touch and play with exhibits at the museum. All those who have visited the museum are amazed by intellectual work and able to buy some puzzles, traditional games and magic tricks at the museum shop.
Gandantegchilen, a Tibetan-style monastery, active all year around, is located in the heart of Ulaanbaatar. It currently has over 400 monks in residence. The monastery was established in 1835. It is one of the places you should visit in Ulaanbaatar. Except for its main activity, a 26, 5 m statue of Migjid Janraisag Buddha (Buddhist Bodhisattva) in one of the monastery's old temple is another thing of interest.
The square is in the heart of Ulaanbaatar. In the center of the Square is a statue of the military general Sukhbaatar on horseback who lead Mongolian People's Revolutionary Movement in 1921. The square neighbors with Government House with a big bronze statue of Chinggis Khaan in front of it and other main buildings such as stock exchange, cultural palace, drama theater and more.
The traditional dwelling Ger is a circular and round shaped wooden framework covered with felt. It is collapsible, easy to built, dismantle, stable, warm in winter and cool in summer and perfect dwelling suited to nomadic life. It has been used by nomads for over 10000 years until now. People make gers using local wood and animal derived products. Here you will find how the gers are made.
ZZaisan Hill War Memorial is on the foothill of strictly protected Bogd Khaan Mountain located south of Ulaanbaatar neighboring Buddha's Garden. You will see panoramic views of Ulaanbaatar after about 10 min climb on stairs.
Tumen Ekh is one of the most entertaining, authentic and must see things in Ulaanbaatar. The performance shows throat singing, contortion, drawling song, tsam religious dance, short song, colorful traditional dances, glorious traditional song and much. There are many Mongolian folk songs and dance bands performing in every corner of the world and has been rated good. Mongolians, particularly performance actors are known in the world as people wrapped in silk. If you decide to visit Mongolia, do not lose your opportunity to watch the show performed by people wrapped in silk in their homeland. The show always has good compliments from tourists.
Mongolia has 25 million goats produce high-quality cashmere. Cashmere clothes made in Mongolia are getting famous by its natural soft and warm quality and fashion. Dear cashmere users not to forget to buy high-quality products at a reasonable price compared to other countries and to see how your lovely clothes are made. Shopping in Ulaanbaatar is not limited by cashmere, also souvenirs made by locals using local materials, yak and camel wool products, leather products and much more.