Western Mongolia is a country of majestic snow-capped mountains and different ethnic groups. Among the ethnic groups, Kazakhs are the national minority and the only Muslim people in Mongolia. Mongolian Kazakhs have been preserving their custom and tradition in its origin compared with Kazaks of different countries. They hunt with trained eagles and most of the families have traditional musical instrument dombra. They play, dance and sing with the instrument wearing traditional embroidered clothes and live in colorful, decorated with embroidery, slightly bigger gers than gers of other parts of Mongolia. They celebrate Eagle Hunting Festival each autumn and traditional New Year on 22 March annually. See them in events part. Also, the famous throat singing was originated from western Mongolia. Mongolia is considered the cradle of the first man. Particularly, western Mongolia contains many evidence of the earliest man such as petroglyphs dates back 40 000 years ago in the caves and on the rock, first man’s settlements date back 700 000 years ago, burial mounds, and stone figures belong to different periods of history and more.
Freshwater and salt lakes, the majestic Altai Mountains are beautiful and extremely rich in wild species and birds. Some of them endemic. Every year, a definite number of hunters travel to Mongolia and head to the Altai Mountains to hunt a particular number of mountain sheep and ibex according to an allowed permission. Mongolia mountain sheep and ibexes considered the biggest in body size and have big horns.
The Great Lakes Basin (or Depression) in western Mongolia represents a unique ecosystem, containing some of the last remaining reed beds in central Asia. The depression gets its name after its about 10 big lakes located in the area. The depression is a contrast of high mountains, snow-capped peaks, steppe and the semi-arid desert border the diverse wetlands. It is an appropriate area for the nature lovers and bird watchers. Several globally endangered species survive in the region: the last remaining population of Mongolian saiga in desert-steppe, Dalmatian pelican in the wetlands and snow leopard in nearby mountains.